More and more people are suffering from a disease called Diabetes. The cause of this condition may vary from one person to another so it is a smart move to learn more about what this disease is really all about.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is also known as Diabetes Mellitus. This condition is described as a group of metabolic diseases wherein an individual has blood sugar (glucose) level; either due to the cause that the cells in his body do not respond well to insulin or due to inadequate production of insulin or it can sometimes be both.
In addition to this, people who have high blood glucose will commonly suffer from frequent urination (polyuria); there is also a tendency for them to be frequently feeling hungry (polyphagia) or thirsty (polydipsia). This disease is considered long-term.
There are three classifications of Diabetes:
- Type 1 Diabetes
In this type, the body does not produce insulin. A few people may regard this classification of diabetes as early-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Many people typically develop type 1 diabetes prior the age of 40; commonly in adolescent years or early adulthood.
Moreover, patients afflicted with type 1 diabetes will require insulin injections for a lifetime. They must also ensure right blood-sugar levels through performing blood tests regularly and of course by means of following a special form of diet.
- Type 2 Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the body does not produce sufficient insulin in order for it to function properly or the body cells do not respond to insulin which is referred to as insulin resistance. It is estimated that about 90% of all cases globally are of this type.
Some people may have the ability to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms through shedding excess weight and this may be done by executing plenty of exercise, following a healthful diet not to mention monitoring their blood sugar levels. It is valuable to note that type 2 diabetes is generally a progressive disease; in other words, it moderately gets worse so the patient afflicted with this will perhaps end up taking insulin and this will mostly be in tablet form.
Obese and overweight people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes as compared to people with healthy body weight.
- Gestational Diabetes
This type of diabetes affects women at the time of conception. Some women have higher sugar levels in their blood and as a result their bodies become incapable of producing adequate insulin to transport all of the sugar into their cells, this leads to progressively increasing glucose levels. The diagnosis of this type of diabetes is made during gestation period.
Patients suffering from gestational diabetes can control this by means of a special diet and regular exercise. Some of them require taking some sort of blood-sugar-controlling medications. It is also very fundamental to know that uncontrolled or undiagnosed diabetes can increase the risk of the formation of some complications during the period of childbirth. Further, the baby might be bigger than she/he should be.
The Treatments for Diabetes
Fortunately, even though diabetes is a long-term disease, the good news is that it is manageable and can be controlled.
- Type 1 diabetes patients are treated with special forms of diet, regular exercise and regular insulin injections.
- Type 2 diabetes patients are typically treated with special diet, regular exercise, tablets (blood-sugar-controlling medications); however, at times, they are also required to take insulin injections.
- Gestational diabetes can be controlled by eating the right food and doing some exercise.
It is essential to be mindful that if diabetes is not properly controlled, the patient has greater risks of developing several health complications such as heart problems, stroke, eye, skin and foot complications, hypertension, hearing loss, mental health, gum disease, erectile dysfunction etc.
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